The Diwali Week
Posted by Admin Dino, October 24, 2011
Diwali is celebrated primarily in India and all over the world for five days. It is called the festival of lights and is a very colorful and brightly lit festival. This year Diwali will be celebrated from 24 Oct to 28 Oct, 2011.
Day 1 - The first day of Diwali is called Dhanvantari Triodasi or Dhan Theras. Dhanteras is made out of 2 words i.e Dhan and Teras. Dhan means wealth and on this day people worship Goddess Laxmi bringing peace, well being and prosperity to the family. The 2nd part Teras means 13 as this is celebrated on the 13th lunar day of Krishna paksha in the month of Ashwin according to the Hindu calendar.
Day 2 - The second day of Diwali is called Narak Chaturdasi. It is the 14th lunar day (thithi) of the dark fortnight of the month of Kartik and the eve of Diwali. This day is also important as Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasur and made the world free from fear.
Day 3 - The third day of Diwali is the actual Diwali or it is also called ‘Big Diwali’. This is the day when Mother Lakshmi is worshipped. A leisurely spell of six hours on Diwali day guides the mahurat for Lakshmi Puja on October 26, 2011. The puja mahurat begins at 5pm and continues until 11.30pm. Clay idols of Lord Ganesha and Mother Lakshmi, or a silver coin containing both images may be worshipped in the ritual.
Day 4 - On the fourth day of Diwali, Padwa or Goverdhan Pooja is performed. Padwa marks the coronation of King Vikramaditya and Vikaram-Samvat was started from this Padwa day. Goverdhan Pooja is celebrated in North. People of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar build cowdung, hillocks, decorate them with flowers and then worship them. Every monsoon season gokul wasi’s worshipped Lord Indra but that year krishna didn’t allow the village people to worhsip Lord Indra which angered Lord Indra and he poured heavy showers on Gokul. The heavy downpour assured the people that they had angered Indra. But Krishna lifted Mount Govardhan with his little finger and sheltered men and beasts from the rain which gave way to Goverdhan Pooja on this day of Diwali.
Day 5 - The fifth day of the Diwali is called Bhaiya-Duj. This festival falls on the 2nd day after diwali (second day of new moon). It is a day dedicated to sisters. Before the brother is made to step into the square worship place made out of corn powder, he has to eat a bitter fruit - Karith in Marathi. In mythological legend, Lord Krishna is said to have tasted this fruit before he set out to kill demon Narkasura. In Bhai Dooj, the brother represents Krishna who did the noble gesture of killing Narkasura.